Low Testosterone – in Women

Low Testosterone – in Women

Men have testosterone, and women have estrogen, right? Right. And also wrong. While it’s true that women have more estrogen than men, and men have more testosterone than women, both genders have both estrogen and testosterone. With age, levels of both hormones drop, in both men and women. While the decrease in testosterone may be…

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The Stages of Alzheimer’s: Tips for Caregivers

The Stages of Alzheimer's Tips for Caregivers

A diagnosis of Alzheimer’s can be devastating, both for the patient and their family, but it’s important to take it step by step. Or perhaps more precisely: stage by stage. The natural course of Alzheimer’s is divided into three stages, with different challenges at each stage, both for the patient and for their caregiver. We…

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Opioids and Alzheimer’s

While we commonly focus on the cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer’s, it should also be noted that pain is also a common feature of the disease. Approximately 50% of people with dementia experience substantial amounts of pain. In approximately 40% of them, opioids are required to manage that pain. At this year’s Alzheimer’s Association International…

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Turning Blue: Peripheral Cyanosis

Peripheral Cyanosis is the name of a condition in which the extremities — the hands, fingertips, or feet — turn blue. It is caused by a lack of oxygenated blood to the area. Sometimes peripheral cyanosis occurs because of such easily remedied issues as tight jewelry or cold temperature. (Hypothermia, however, in which body temperature…

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The Dangers of Sarcopenia

Muscles naturally grow in both strength and size until age 30, at which point they start to decline by as much as 3% to 5% each year. Sarcopenia refers to a condition in which muscle loss is significant enough to present a risk to health. A component of frailty syndrome and wasting syndrome, sarcopenia affects…

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It’s Easier Than We Thought to Get the Flu

When we were young, we all learned in that the flu is transmitted through contact with sneezes, coughs, and other germ-laden fluids. So the best way to avoid the flu (besides getting vaccinated) is to wash your hands regularly, especially after coming in contact with a sick person or anything they came in contact with.…

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Women and HDL: Is “Good” Good Enough?

For years, we have divided cholesterol into the “good” and the “bad.” High-density lipoprotein, or HDL cholesterol, is the good kind, and having high HDL levels is considered protective against heart disease. Low-density lipoprotein, or LDL cholesterol, is the bad kind, and is associated with a higher risk of heart disease. However, research in the…

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“Heartache” is Associated with Heart Attack and Stroke

Popular culture acknowledges the medical truth that psychological stress is hard on the heart. A difficult family situation, for example, is called a “heartache.” A new study of nearly a quarter of a million participants assessed the degree to which heartache, called “psychological distress” by researchers, affects the incidence of heart attack, medically known as…

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